MariaDB or PostgreSQL or MongoDB: Best Database For Development
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Reading Time: 17 minutes

Posted on: Tuesday September 24, 2019

The world of modern technology enterprises has been constantly evolving, mostly in web development verticals. We can easily visualize how Linux-based networking standards has not been a priority but still are the primitive reason for communication between devices manufactured by various companies across the globe. Another reason is the superior functionality in comparison to their counterparts. It can also give you an idea why most of the tools has been developed by using these databases.

Just like a traditional software; features & functions of the database can be different from each other which makes it essential for users to choose while keeping a few things like security features, user-friendliness and potential to upgrade with organization requirements. It’s noticeable that MongoDB has a primitive change its licensing terms, creating an open space for other open-source databases to challenge it.  Here’s a compiled report of these databases with both positive and negative traits:

MariaDB: Being an open-source distribution of MySQL, created after Oracle’s acquisition of it. However, core developers of MySQL were concerned about Oracle being neglectful for its open-source ideology.

MariaDB was developed to be compatible with MySQL despite replacing various key components. The storage engine, Aria having the functionality of both transactional & non-transactional engine was speculated of becoming standard engine for MySQL in future.

Key Features:

  1. Enhanced security
  2. Fast migration
  3. Easy Code Debugging
  4. Compatible with WordPress  

PostgreSQL: The list of open source databases cannot be completed without a mention for PostgreSQL, that’s been a preferred solution for all businesses. The acquisition of MySQL by Oracle was a great business idea at that time, but the rising cloud storage gradually shifted developers mind about the database being in their favor.

The decline of MySQL made PostgreSQL “serious contender” for being the preferred open-source database as it functions just like MySQL for developers looking to convert source software in droves.

Key Features:

  1. Efficient Central Algorithm
  2. Flexibility with languages; Python, Java, Pearl, Ruby, and C
  3. Best community support for open source database

MongoDB: MongoDB is a cross-platform database, built on a document-oriented architecture similar to JSON and supports any type of document file or elements. Biggest advantage of this DB is fast data processing in less time for certain specified applications.

The scalable environment in MongoDB is fruitfully used by global web development companies for defining clusters across 100+ nodes with millions of documents within database.

Key Features:

  1. Collections having various type of documents as per fields
  2. Definite key-value pairs in accordance to used programming language
  3. Schema is not mandatory for creating fields
  4. Easy storage of complex structures in data models

Which database is best among these?

To conclude, choosing a database is totally dependent on business requirement, precisely system size. For limited use or small database, prefer a lightweight solution which will be helpful in faster implementation and less time utilization in debugging.

For bigger systems, i.e.used in growing businesses, you can choose a more complex database like PostgreSQL for implementation. It’s time saving due to the elimination of database re-coding with business growth.